La investigación del Internet Addiction Test desde una perspectiva intercultural: España, Estados Unidos y Colombia

Tayana Panova, Xavier Carbonell, Andres Chamarro, Diana Ximena Puerta-Cortés

Resumen


Los usuarios de Internet frecuentemente experimentan problemas relacionados con su uso de Internet y, aunque la cultura tiene una influencia importante en la forma en que las personas se comunican, en lo que valoran y, por lo tanto, en cómo utilizan Internet, hay escasas publicaciones sobre investigación intercultural del uso problemático de Internet. La herramienta más común para medir dicho uso, el Internet Addiction Test (IAT) se ha utilizado en varios países. En este estudio comparamos los resultados interculturales de las investigaciones más recientes sobre el análisis factorial del IAT. Encontramos que los resultados a menudo se replican en países con dos o más estudios, lo que sugiere que el contexto cultural influye en los comportamientos en Internet. Llevamos a cabo nuestros propios estudios de análisis factorial del IAT en tres países (España, EE. UU. y Colombia) con 1273 participantes. Al comparar nuestros resultados con los de estudios anteriores, encontramos que nuestros resultados fueron similares a los de estudios anteriores. El hallazgo más notable fue que todos los análisis factoriales de IAT, tanto los nuestros como los anteriores en las mismas regiones, contenían un factor relacionado con la pérdida de control/problemas de gestión del tiempo y otro factor relacionado con problemas emocionales/psicológicos, lo que sugiere que el control de impulsos y las necesidades emocionales no satisfechas son componentes importantes en el desarrollo del uso problemático de Internet en todo el mundo. La investigación futura sobre el uso problemático de Internet debería centrarse en estos aspectos.

Palabras clave


Adicción a Internet; Uso problemático de Internet; Intercultural; Prueba de adicción a Internet; Análisis

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.1345

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